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“April Fool Number” – Bison Magazine

Posted on: | by Scott Hollander |

"April Fool Number" - Bison MagazineThe Bison was a humor magazine published by University of Buffalo students between 1913 and 1941. News items, poetry, and humorous stories filled the pages of this popular monthly publication.

Many issues were considered theme numbers, and student artists created covers to announce the annual Freshman, Christmas, or Junior Prom numbers.

This cover is from the April Fool’s Day issue published in April of 1928. It is part of the Bison Magazine Covers Digital Collection at the University at Buffalo Libraries.

Other Bison magazine covers are available for purchase on the Library Store at library.buffalo.edu/store and make the perfect gift.

Proceeds from the sale of prints directly benefit the continued University at Buffalo Libraries Digital Collections initiative.

 

Bayard Rustin on University at Buffalo Campus – 1961

Posted on: | by Scott Hollander |
Bayard Rustin - August 1963 - Library of Congress photo

Bayard Rustin

Bayard Rustin was an American leader in social movements for civil rights, socialism, non-violence, and gay rights. Rustin was a leading strategist of the civil rights movement from 1955 to 1968.

On October 27, 1961, he spoke in Norton Hall (now Squire Hall) on the University at Buffalo’s Main Street campus. (see “Rustin Speaking Today in Norton; Folksongs Will Highlight Program” Spectrum Newspaper, 27 October 1961)

Civil Rights – During the event, Rustin discussed civil rights issues.  He clarified the purpose of CORE, the committee on racial equality. It was established, he said, not to alleviate the problems between “the white man and the black man, rather to do something about man’s injustice to his brother.” (see “Core Program Discussed by Rustin at Rally” Spectrum Newspaper, 3 November 1961)

Cold War – Before the Rustin lecture, the U.B. chapter of SANE (the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy) held a demonstration on the steps of Norton Hall condemning Russian nuclear testing. Mr. Rustin spoke briefly on the problem of disarmament.

Three days later, on October 30, 1961, the Soviet Union detonated a 58-megaton yield hydrogen bomb known as Tsar Bomba over northern Russia, in the largest man-made explosion ever.


Rustin Speaking Today in Norton; Folksongs Will Highlight Program Rustin Speaking Today in Norton; Folksongs Will Highlight Program

Bayard Rustin will sing folk songs and speak on “Civil Rights and Non-Violent Mass Action” today at noon in Norton auditorium. Mr. Rustin is currently executive secretary of the War Registers League.  He will also be available for discussion with students and faculty until 12 at a table in a private dining room in Norton.

An early advocate for non-violent mass action for civil rights, Mr. Rustin studied the Gandhi movement in India in 1948-49.  For five years he was advisor and secretary to Martin Luther King. He has traveled widely in Africa, working with Nkrumah in Ghana, Azikiwe in Nigeria, and was arrested 22 times in race struggles. Mr. Rustin had recently returned from three months in Europe where he did preparatory work on the San Francisco-Moscow Walk for Peace.

Traveling under the auspices of the American Friends Service Committee, Mr. Rustin’s appearance at the University is sponsored by the Student Christian Association. Norman Whitney, national director of the peace education section of the American Friends Service Committee will also be available for conversation that morning in the private dining area.

—The Spectrum, October 27, 1961

Core Program Discussed by Rustin at RallyCore Program Discussed
by Rustin at Rally

by Joan Flory

Bayard Rustin, executive secretary of the War Resisters League, and advocate of non-violent mass action for civil rights, spoke last Friday in Norton.

His appearance was sponsored by the Student Christian Association, and the Student Senate Committee, and the Student Senate Committee on Segregation.  A SANE sponsored demonstration on the steps of Norton preceded the lecture. Mr. Rustin spoke briefly on the problem of disarmament.

Richard Fey, vice-president of the Student Senate, read Senate President Les Foshio’s message condemning the Russian nuclear tests. There was also reference to the Soviet threat to explode a 50 megaton bomb. President Foshio was unable to attend the session.

Carl Zietlow, president of the SANE executive committee also addressed the students before the group entered Norton to hear Mr. Rustin speak on “Civil Rights and Non-Violent Mass Action.”

Initially Mr. Rustin clarified the purpose of Core, committee on racial equality. Core was established, he said, not to alleviate the problems between “the white man and the black man, rather to do something about man’s injustice to his brother.”

Core hopes to do away with injustice wherever it exists. First, said Rustin, man must erase the injustice in himself. The meaning of the Negro sit-ins and freedom rides was also discussed. They exist, the civil-right stated, to “make the nation face the facts…we desire integrated schools or no schools.”

When asked about non-violence as a part of their policy, Mr. Rustin said the “non-violence is important to us, for it is the only method capable of challenging and destroying an institution while simultaneously creating a better one.” This type of action was advocated by Gandhi, the Hebrew prophets, and the religious cults of the east.

Commenting on the plight of the Negro, Mr. Rustin recalled a quote from his boyhood: “Son do not worry about the white man, the hunter, being better off than you are. For keeping a man in the gutter you must sit on him, and you are in the gutter too.”

A question period followed in which the speaker elaborated on the civil rights issue in the south, the outbreak of violence, and the conditions prevalent in Harlem schools.

—The Spectrum, November 3, 1961

Duke Ellington in Buffalo, NY – 1943

Posted on: | by Scott Hollander |

Duke Ellington in Buffalo, NY - 1943On Friday, February 19, 1943, the 22nd annual University of Buffalo Junior Prom took place at the Hotel Statler main ballroom in downtown Buffalo, NY.

Duke Ellington and his orchestra were the musical entertainment for the event.

Duke Ellington (April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974) was an American composer, pianist and bandleader of jazz orchestras. In 1943, he was one of the most popular musicians of the day.

At the time, he was considered the most outstanding musical figure to ever appear at the U.B. prom.

Due to war time conditions and a travel ban on pleasure driving, formal dress for the prom was optional.

For details, see “Duke Ellington To Play For Jr Prom” Buffalo Bee, 29 January 1943. and “Memorable Jr. Prom Features Queen, Duke” Buffalo Bee, 26 February 1943.

The Buffalo Bee is a part of the University at Buffalo Student Newspapers, 1921-1950 digital collection.

T.S. Eliot in Buffalo, NY – 1933

Posted on: | by Scott Hollander |
T. S. Eliot in 1934

T. S. Eliot in 1934

Calendar

The Bee newspaper – January 20, 1933

On January 26, 1933, T.S. Eliot, poet and critic, was in Buffalo, N.Y. to appear before an audience for a Fenton Foundation lecture held under the auspices of the University of Buffalo in the Twentieth Century Club at 595 Delaware Avenue. (see “Meaningful, Sonic Poetry Termed Best” Buffalo Courier-Express, 27 January 1933)

Between 1932 and 1933, T.S. Eliot wrote and presented a series of lectures while touring U.S. universities.  His topic while in Buffalo was Edward Lear and Modern Poetry.

Apparently Eliot was not happy with the Lear lecture.  T.S. Eliot was once asked why it was absent in his “Collected Essays.” He replied, “I am flattered that you should retain any interest in the lecture I gave on Edward Lear, and am therefore sorry to say that I destroyed the script of this and of a number of occasional lectures which I delivered in the United States in 1932-33.”

For more information on poetry, visit the Poetry Collection, a part of the University at Buffalo Libraries Special Collections.


MEANINGFUL, SONIC POETRY TERMED BESTMEANINGFUL,
SONIC POETRY
TERMED BEST

T. S. Eliot, poet and critic,
contrasts style of various
writers

There are two types of poetry, one in which the words are used simply to give meaning, the other in which the words are used for their sonic effect, but in great poetry the words do both. T. S. Eliot, English poet and critic, told an audience last night in his Fenton Foundation lecture held under auspices of the University of Buffalo at the Twentieth Century Club.

Mr. Eliot’s subject was Edward Lear and Modern Poetry, and one of his themes was that modern “unintelligible” poetry derives from Lear as one of its sources. Lear, a contemporary of Lewis Carroll, the author of Alice in Wonderland, was a writer of light verse, in which there was more nonsense than sense, and in which the words were chosen not to convey ideas, but emotional effects—the emotion being of the whimsical sort.

Compares Carroll, Lear

Mr. Eliot drew this contrast between Lewis Carroll and Edward Lear: Carroll’s whimsy, with its detective story elements, its logical procedure, appeals to the adult element in children, whereas Lear’s poetry, which is more “poetic” and less, logical, appeals to the childish side of adults.

Quoting Walter Pater’s essay which makes the point that all the other arts only approach music which stands above them, Mr. Eliot made a defense for this sonic, musical, somewhat unintelligible poetry, which makes no pretense at sense, but pleases the ear, or creates an emotional effect.

Swinburne, another contemporary of Lear, also was held up for comparison to this effect: that Swinburne was an adolescent who pretended to be writing poetry with much meaning, though it was really meaningless, whereas Lehr didn’t even pretend to be making sense.

Following the lecture, Mr. Eliot, author of The Sacred Wood, and The Waste Land, read from his own poems.

Buffalo Courier-Express, January 27, 1933