The Magdeburg Roland is a Roland figure in front of the town hall on the Old Market in Magdeburg. The tradition of Roland figures dates back to the Middle Ages . The figures symbolized the urban liberties and the independence of each city. (https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magdeburger_Roland)
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Welch, Claude Emerson, “Magdeburg Roland,” Digital Collections - University at Buffalo Libraries, accessed May 18, 2022, https://digital.lib.buffalo.edu/items/show/93249.